Rwanda and Uganda are the well known destinations for mountain gorilla trekking . Gorilla trekking in Congo – Brazza Ville offers a unique and unforgettable experience, providing the opportunity to encounter endangered mountain gorillas in their natural habitat. The main destination for gorilla trekking in Congo is Virunga National Park, which is known for its stunning landscapes, diverse wildlife, and, most notably, its population of mountain gorillas. 

Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is a renowned destination for gorilla trekking, offering a unique opportunity to encounter endangered mountain gorillas in their natural habitat. Virunga National Park is Africa’s oldest national park and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, known for its diverse ecosystems, including lush rainforests, savannahs, and active volcanoes. Gorilla trekking adventure safaris in DRCongo  are particularly very special as is the only country in the world inhabited by both mountain and lowland gorillas. You can track both while on holiday here, as well as chimpanzees, bonobos and myriad monkey species in the dense, Central African rainforest. The safety issues mean that tourism is not as developed in DRC as elsewhere, but this does mean that anything you spend is hugely important to protect these endangered primates and their habitats.

Congo Brazza Ville is the cheapest place to see gorillas, with permits costing $US400 in comparison to $US600 in Uganda, and US$1,500 in Rwanda. They’re also less likely to sell out rapidly – if at all – in high season; this just doesn’t really happen in DRC. Permits may also be discounted to as little as US$200 in ‘low season’. Price should not be your main consideration, as savings on the permit are balanced out by the high cost of travelling in DRC. However, it does mean that if you are visiting Congo it’s much more economical to book two adventure gorilla safaris, and also it’s feasible to see both mountain and lowland groups, for less than the cost of a single permit.


Mountain Gorillas

Mountain gorillas in Congo are a critically endangered subspecies of gorillas that inhabit the Virunga Massif, a volcanic mountain range shared by three countries: the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda, and Uganda. The Virunga Massif is one of the last remaining strongholds for mountain gorillas, and it is home to approximately half of the world’s population of this subspecies. The mountain gorillas in Congo face numerous threats to their survival, including habitat loss due to deforestation, poaching, and civil unrest in the region. Conservation efforts in Virunga National Park have been crucial in protecting the gorillas and their habitat, but continued efforts are needed to ensure their long-term survival. The revenue generated from gorilla trekking permits directly supports wildlife protection, anti-poaching measures, and community development projects, making gorilla tourism a vital component of conservation efforts in the region.

Western Lowland Gorillas

Western lowland gorillas are a subspecies of gorillas that inhabit the dense rainforests of several countries in Central and West Africa, including the Republic of the Congo, also known as Congo-Brazzaville. They are distinct from the mountain gorillas found in the Virunga Massif, which is located in the neighbouring Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda, and Uganda.

Key Facts About Western Lowland Gorillas in Congo:

Habitat: Western lowland gorillas primarily inhabit lowland tropical rainforests, swamps, and marshlands in the Congo Basin. They are highly adapted to this dense and humid environment.

Population: The Republic of the Congo is one of the countries with the highest populations of Western lowland gorillas. It is estimated that over half of the world’s population of Western lowland gorillas reside in the Congo Basin, including Congo-Brazzaville.

Endangered Status: Western lowland gorillas are listed as critically endangered on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. They face significant threats, including habitat loss due to deforestation, poaching for bushmeat, and infectious diseases.

Conservation Efforts: Several organizations and conservation groups work in collaboration with the Congolese government to protect Western lowland gorillas and their habitat. Efforts include habitat conservation, anti-poaching initiatives, and community engagement to promote sustainable practices.

Ecotourism: In some parts of the Republic of the Congo, responsible ecotourism initiatives have been established to allow visitors to observe Western lowland gorillas in their natural habitat. These ecotourism activities are designed to be low-impact and sustainable, contributing to conservation efforts and supporting local communities.

Research and Study: Studying Western lowland gorillas in the wild provides valuable insights into their behavior, social structures, and ecological roles within their environment. Researchers and conservationists in the region work to better understand and protect these great apes.

Protection and Monitoring: To ensure the well-being of Western lowland gorillas, park rangers and conservationists monitor their populations and take measures to protect them from threats such as poaching and habitat destruction.


Eastern Lowland Gorillas.

Eastern lowland gorillas, also known as Grauer’s gorillas, are a subspecies of gorillas found in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). They are one of the two subspecies of lowland gorillas, with the other being the Western lowland gorillas found in several countries in Central and West Africa. 

Key Facts About Eastern Lowland Gorillas in Congo:

Habitat: Eastern lowland gorillas primarily inhabit the lowland tropical rainforests and swampy areas in the eastern part of the DRC. They are adapted to life in dense and humid rainforest environments.

Population: The Democratic Republic of the Congo is home to the largest population of Eastern lowland gorillas in the world. However, like their Western counterparts, they are listed as critically endangered on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List due to habitat loss, poaching, and other threats.

Differences from Other Gorilla Subspecies: Eastern lowland gorillas are larger and have longer hair than Western lowland gorillas. They also have broader skulls and shorter arms.

Conservation Challenges: Eastern lowland gorillas face numerous threats, including deforestation, illegal logging, mining activities, and poaching for bushmeat. Civil unrest in the region has also posed challenges to their conservation.

Conservation Efforts: Conservation organizations and government agencies are working to protect Eastern lowland gorillas and their habitat. Efforts include habitat conservation, anti-poaching initiatives, community engagement, and research to better understand and protect these endangered primates.

Ecotourism Potential: Some regions in the eastern part of the DRC have the potential for ecotourism initiatives that allow visitors to observe Eastern lowland gorillas in their natural habitat. Responsible ecotourism can provide income for local communities and contribute to conservation efforts.

Research and Monitoring: Studying Eastern lowland gorillas is essential for their conservation. Researchers and conservationists monitor their populations, behavior, and health to better understand their needs and implement effective conservation strategies. 

Gorilla Trekking Permits:

Gorilla trekking permits in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) are required to participate in gorilla trekking activities within the designated national parks that are home to the endangered mountain gorillas. The permits are issued by the park authorities and are essential for anyone who wishes to track and observe the mountain gorillas in their natural habitat. Gorilla trekking in Congo is done in two destinations that is Virunga national park and Kahuzi Biega national park. A gorilla trekking permit in Congo costs 400 USD per person for foreign non residents and 200 USD per person for Congolese citizens.

Safety and Conservation:

Gorilla trekking in Virunga National Park is conducted under strict safety measures to ensure the well-being of both visitors and gorillas. Trained guides and rangers accompany trekking groups to provide information and protect the gorillas and their natural habitat. Gorilla treks are led by trained and experienced guides and park rangers who are knowledgeable about the gorillas’ behavior and the surrounding environment. They ensure that visitors follow safety guidelines and maintain a safe distance from the gorillas to prevent any potential risks. Responsible and sustainable tourism practices are crucial to ensure that future generations can continue to experience these incredible creatures in the wild while supporting their conservation

Gorilla Trekking Experience:

Gorilla trekking in Congo offers an extraordinary and life-changing experience, allowing visitors to encounter endangered mountain gorillas in their natural habitat. The trek takes place in the lush rainforests of Virunga National Park in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Here’s what you can expect from the gorilla trekking experience in Congo. Before embarking on the trek, visitors receive a briefing from experienced park rangers. The briefing covers safety guidelines, trekking expectations, and the importance of minimizing the impact on the gorillas and their environment

The trek begins with an exhilarating hike through dense rainforest terrain. The trek can vary in duration and difficulty, depending on the location of the gorilla group on that particular day. Trekking can take anywhere from 1 to 6 hours, with some treks requiring a steep climb and others being more moderate. Each gorilla group consists of several members, including a dominant silverback, females, and their offspring. Witnessing the family dynamics and observing their social interactions is a fascinating aspect of the gorilla trekking experience. The revenue from gorilla trekking permits directly supports conservation efforts, including habitat protection, anti-poaching measures, and community development projects. Gorilla tourism also helps local communities by creating employment opportunities and promoting sustainable practices.

Travel Advisory:

Before planning a gorilla trekking trip to the DRC, it is crucial to stay informed about travel advisories and safety guidelines issued by your country’s government or international organizations. The situation in certain regions of the DRC may change, and it’s important to be aware of any potential risks or restrictions. While on your trip, carefully consider the current political situation, security conditions, and health risks related to the destination. Gorilla trekking in Congo is a unique and rewarding experience, but it’s essential to ensure your safety and well-being during your travel.

Keep in mind that travel advisories can change at short notice, especially in regions with potential security concerns. Always stay informed, follow the guidance of the relevant authorities, and take necessary precautions to have a safe and enjoyable trip. 

Encounter with Gorillas:

Once the gorilla family is located, you’ll be asked to maintain a safe distance to avoid stressing the gorillas or transmitting any diseases. However, gorillas are curious and may approach you, providing a breathtaking and close encounter. The gorilla trek starts early in the morning, and you’ll be accompanied by experienced guides and park rangers. As you venture into the dense rainforest, the anticipation builds, and you’ll be immersed in the sights and sounds of the jungle. The trek can take several hours, depending on the location of the gorilla family you are tracking. The guides use their knowledge of the gorillas’ habits and recent movements to lead you to the right area.  

During the permitted hour with the gorillas, you can observe their behavior up close. You might witness the playful interactions among the young gorillas, the protective nature of the silverback, and the nurturing care of the females. Many visitors find the encounter with gorillas emotionally moving. The gentle nature of these great apes, combined with their similarity to humans, often leaves a profound impact on those who experience them. To minimize the impact on the gorillas and create a more intimate experience, each gorilla trekking group is limited to a small number of visitors. While flash photography is not allowed to avoid disturbing the gorillas, you can capture this once-in-a-lifetime experience in your memories forever.

It’s important to approach the encounter with gorillas in a respectful and responsible manner, following the guidance of the park rangers and guides. Gorilla trekking in Congo offers a unique opportunity to contribute to conservation efforts while experiencing one of the most incredible wildlife encounters on the planet.

Impact on Conservation:

Overall, gorilla trekking in Congo plays a vital role in supporting wildlife conservation efforts and fostering sustainable development. By providing a source of income for conservation initiatives and engaging local communities in conservation activities, gorilla tourism contributes to the long-term protection of the mountain gorillas and their unique habitats. It highlights the critical link between responsible tourism and the preservation of endangered species for future generations.

Revenue from gorilla trekking permits contributes to the conservation efforts of Virunga National Park, supporting wildlife protection, community development, and anti-poaching initiatives. Gorilla trekking permits in Congo directly funds wildlife protection, conservation initiatives, and anti-poaching efforts. This funding is essential for the day-to-day management of national parks, ensuring the safety of the gorillas, and implementing conservation projects. As tourism revenue increases, it incentives the preservation of large tracts of rainforest, safeguarding the entire ecosystem and supporting biodiversity conservation.

Local communities residing near gorilla habitats play a vital role in conservation efforts. Revenue generated from gorilla trekking benefits these communities, providing employment opportunities, supporting infrastructure development, and promoting education and healthcare initiatives. Engaging local communities in conservation encourages them to value the presence of gorillas and their habitats, leading to better protection. Gorilla tourism has a positive impact on the economy of Congo. It creates jobs, boosts local businesses, and stimulates economic growth in the region. Sustainable tourism can help alleviate poverty, making communities more invested in the conservation of their natural resources.

Travel Consideration:

When considering gorilla trekking in Congo, there are several important travel considerations to take into account to ensure a safe, enjoyable, and responsible experience. Here are some key considerations.

Travel Advisory and Safety: Check the latest travel advisories and safety information for the region you plan to visit in Congo. Ensure that the area is considered safe for tourism and follow any guidelines or restrictions issued by the local authorities.

Gorilla Trekking Permits: Obtain gorilla trekking permits in advance from authorized sources, such as the official website of the national park or reputable tour operators. Gorilla permits are limited, and it is advisable to book well ahead of your planned visit.

Physical Fitness: Gorilla trekking involves hiking through challenging and sometimes steep terrain. Ensure that you are in good physical condition to undertake the trek. Inform your tour operator about any medical conditions or physical limitations that may affect your ability to participate.

Trekking Gear: Pack appropriate clothing and gear for the trek, including comfortable hiking boots, rain gear, long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and a hat. The rainforest can be humid and rainy, so waterproof clothing is essential.

Health Precautions: Consult your healthcare provider for any required vaccinations and travel medications. Follow health guidelines to prevent the transmission of diseases to the gorillas and vice versa. Hand washing stations are often provided before and after the gorilla encounter.

Cultural Sensitivity: If your trek includes interactions with local communities, be respectful of their customs, traditions, and property. Ask for permission before taking photographs of people or their homes.

Travel Insurance: Obtain comprehensive travel insurance that covers medical emergencies, trip cancellations, and evacuation, especially for remote areas like the rainforests. 

Environmental Awareness: Practice Leave No Trace principles during the trek and respect the natural environment. Do not litter or disturb wildlife other than the gorillas.

Weather Considerations: Be prepared for changing weather conditions in the rainforest, and carry suitable clothing for both rain and sunshine. 

Cultural Experience:

While gorilla trekking in Congo provides a remarkable wildlife experience, it also offers opportunities for cultural enrichment through interactions with local communities and immersion in Congolese culture. Here are some ways you can have a cultural experience while on a Congo gorilla trekking safari:

1. Community Visits: Some gorilla trekking itineraries include visits to nearby villages or communities. You can interact with the locals, learn about their traditional customs, and gain insights into their way of life. Engage in conversations, observe daily activities, and appreciate the warmth and hospitality of the Congolese people.

2. Cultural Performances: Some communities may organize cultural performances for visitors, showcasing traditional dances, music, and ceremonies. These performances offer a glimpse into the cultural heritage and artistic expressions of the local communities.

3. Local Cuisine: Taste the authentic Congolese cuisine by trying local dishes and delicacies. Food is an essential part of any culture, and experiencing traditional meals allows you to connect with the culinary traditions of the region.

4. Arts and Crafts: Take the opportunity to explore local craft markets or workshops. You may find beautifully crafted traditional items such as baskets, wood carvings, textiles, and jewelry. Purchasing these handmade souvenirs supports local artisans and preserves their cultural heritage.

5. Language and Communication: Learn some basic phrases in the local language, such as greetings and expressions of gratitude. The effort to communicate in the local language often fosters a deeper connection with the local communities.

6. Participate in Community Projects: Some responsible tour operators may support community development projects in the region. You can participate in these projects, such as educational initiatives or conservation efforts, which provide a chance to make a positive impact on the local community.

7. Cultural Tours: Consider adding cultural tours or excursions to your itinerary. These tours may include visits to historical sites, traditional ceremonies, or heritage museums, providing a comprehensive understanding of Congolese culture and history.

8. Cultural Etiquette: Respect local customs and traditions. Always ask for permission before taking photographs of people or their homes. Dress modestly and appropriately, especially when visiting villages or religious sites.

9. Engage with Guides and Staff: The local guides and staff accompanying you on the safari can share insights into their culture and way of life. Engage with them, ask questions, and be open to learning from their experiences.

10. Show Appreciation: Express your appreciation and gratitude for the cultural experiences you encounter during your trip. Showing respect and interest in the local culture enhances the mutual understanding and appreciation between visitors and the local communities.

By embracing the cultural aspect of your Congo gorilla trekking safari, you can create meaningful connections, gain a deeper appreciation for the destination, and contribute to sustainable and responsible tourism practices that benefit both wildlife conservation and local communities.

Gorilla Families:

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), specifically in Virunga National Park, several gorilla families can be encountered during gorilla trekking experiences. Each gorilla family consists of a group of individual gorillas with distinct social structures and dynamics. The names and composition of these families may change over time due to natural processes like births, deaths, and group separations.

Humba Group: The Humba group is one of the oldest and most well-known gorilla families in Virunga. It is named after its dominant silverback, Humba. This group has a fascinating history and is a favorite among visitors.

Kabirizi Group: This group was initially led by the dominant silverback Kabirizi, after whom it is named. Kabirizi passed away in 2010, and the group has since been led by other silverbacks.

Mapuwa Group: The Mapuwa group is named after its dominant silverback, Mapuwa. This group is known for its size and strength, and it is always fascinating to observe their social interactions.

Nyakamwe Group: The Nyakamwe group is one of the newer groups in Virunga National Park, formed through the splitting of the original Mapuwa group. Nyakamwe is the dominant silverback of this family.

Bageni Group: The Bageni group is named after its dominant silverback, Bageni. This group has a relatively smaller size but provides a unique experience during gorilla trekking.

Kahungye Group: The Kahungye group is one of the more recent gorilla families in the park. It was formed through the splitting of the original Nshongi group in neighboring Uganda.

Munyaga Group: The Munyaga group is another newer family that was formed through a split from the Nshongi group in Uganda.

It’s important to note that the composition and availability of gorilla families for trekking can vary, as gorillas are wild animals, and their movements and social dynamics are subject to change. The park authorities and rangers constantly monitor and track the gorilla families to ensure the safety and well-being of both the gorillas and visitors during the gorilla trekking experiences. 

Best Time To Go:

The best time to go for gorilla trekking in Congo is during the drier months, which typically fall within the two main dry seasons: from June to September and from December to February. These months offer more favorable weather conditions and make the trekking experience more comfortable and enjoyable. However, gorilla trekking is possible year-round in Congo, and each season has its unique advantages:

  1. June to September (Dry Season): This is one of the best times for gorilla trekking in Congo. The weather is generally dry, and the rainforest trails are more accessible. The dry season also coincides with peak tourist season, providing better opportunities for gorilla sightings.
  2. December to February (Dry Season): Similar to the June to September period, the dry season from December to February offers pleasant weather for trekking, with reduced rainfall and milder temperatures. The vegetation is less dense, making it easier to spot gorillas.
  3. 3. March to May (Wet Season): The wet season is characterized by heavier rainfall, particularly from March to May. Although the rainforest is lush and green during this time, trekking can be more challenging due to muddy and slippery trails. However, the wet season also means fewer tourists, and there may be discounted permit fees during this period.
  4. 4. October to November (Short Dry Season): These months mark a shorter dry season before the rains return. The weather is generally good for trekking, but there might be some occasional showers.

Ultimately, the decision on the best time to go for gorilla trekking in Congo depends on your preferences and travel schedule. If you prefer drier and more accessible trekking conditions, consider visiting during the dry seasons. However, if you don’t mind the occasional rain and wish to experience Congo’s lush rainforest at its peak, you might opt for the wet season. Before your trip, also check the latest travel advisories and safety information for the region to ensure a safe and enjoyable gorilla trekking experience in Congo.

Is It Possible To Cancel A Gorilla Trekking Permit:

Yes, it is possible to cancel a gorilla trekking permit in Congo, but the cancellation policies and refund procedures may vary depending on the specific rules of the park authorities or the tour operator through which you booked the permit.

Cancellation Policies: Gorilla trekking permits often come with specific cancellation policies outlined by the park authorities or the tour operator. These policies define the timeline and conditions for canceling a permit and whether any refunds are available.

Refund Eligibility: The refund amount and eligibility for a permit cancellation may depend on how far in advance you cancel your permit. Typically, the earlier you cancel, the higher the chances of receiving a partial refund, if permitted at all.

Advanced Notice: It is crucial to inform the park authorities or your tour operator as soon as possible if you need to cancel your gorilla trekking permit. This allows them to manage permit availability and potentially offer the permit to other interested visitors.

Reasons for Cancellation: In some cases, the reason for canceling the permit may affect the refund eligibility. For instance, if you have a medical emergency or face travel restrictions due to unforeseen circumstances, the park authorities or tour operator may be more lenient in granting a refund.

Booking through a Tour Operator: If you booked your gorilla trekking permit through a tour operator, their specific cancellation policies will apply. Be sure to review the terms and conditions of your booking to understand the cancellation process and any associated fees.

Direct Booking with Park Authorities: If you booked your permit directly through the park authorities, contact them directly to inquire about their cancellation policy and potential refund options.

It’s essential to familiarize yourself with the terms and conditions of your gorilla trekking permit at the time of booking. Make sure you understand the cancellation policies, refund eligibility, and any associated fees. If you need to cancel your permit, notify the appropriate authorities or tour operator as soon as possible to facilitate the process and provide an opportunity for others to book the permit if it becomes available. 

What To Park:

When preparing for a gorilla trekking adventure in Congo, it’s essential to pack wisely to ensure you have everything you need for a comfortable and enjoyable experience in the rainforest. Here’s a list of essential items to pack for gorilla trekking in Congo:

  1. 1. Clothing:
  • Long-sleeved shirts and long pants (to protect against scratches, nettles, and insects)
  • Lightweight and breathable rain jacket or poncho
  • Sturdy and comfortable waterproof hiking boots with ankle support
  • Moisture-wicking socks to keep your feet dry and prevent blisters
  • Hat or cap to protect from the sun
  • Lightweight gloves to protect your hands during trekking
  1. 2. Daypack:
  • A small backpack to carry essentials during the trek (water, snacks, camera, etc.)
  • A waterproof cover for your daypack to protect against rain and moisture
  1. 3. Water and Snacks:
  • Carry plenty of drinking water to stay hydrated during the trek (check with your tour operator on the recommended amount)
  • Energy bars, nuts, and dried fruits for quick snacks during breaks
  1. 4. Personal Items:
  • Valid passport and any necessary visas
  • Gorilla trekking permit (keep it safely in a waterproof pouch)
  • Travel insurance details and emergency contact information
  • Prescription medications and a basic first aid kit
  • Insect repellent to protect against mosquitoes and other bugs
  • Sunscreen and lip balm with UV protection
  • Sunscreen and Hat: The equatorial sun can be intense, so apply sunscreen with high SPF and wear a wide-brimmed hat to shield your face from the sun.

  • Waterproof Rain Jacket: Rain showers are common in the rainforest, so a waterproof rain jacket or poncho is necessary to stay dry and comfortable.

  1. 5. Camera and Binoculars:
  • Camera or smartphone to capture the incredible moments (avoid using flash around the gorillas)
  • Binoculars to get a closer look at wildlife and birds
  1. 6. Hand Sanitizer and Wet Wipes:
  • Hand sanitizer to maintain hygiene before and after the gorilla encounter
  • Wet wipes for personal hygiene during the trek
  1. 7. Cash and Tipping:
  • Carry some cash in local currency for tipping guides and porters (if you choose to use their services)
  • Small denominations for purchasing local crafts or souvenirs
  1. 8. Lightweight Towel:
  • A quick-drying towel for wiping off sweat or rain during the trek
  1. 9. Personal Comfort Items:
  • Prescription glasses or contact lenses (if required)
  • Any personal comfort items, such as personal toiletries or wet wipes
  • 10. Conservation Contribution:
  • A positive attitude and willingness to support gorilla conservation efforts through responsible and ethical tourism practices.
  • 11. Insect Repellent: Protect yourself from insects by bringing insect repellent with a high concentration of DEET.

Remember that packing light is essential, as you’ll be carrying your daypack during the trek. Be respectful of the environment and wildlife by avoiding single-use plastics and ensuring that you leave no trace of your visit behind. Follow the guidelines provided by park rangers and tour operators to ensure the safety of both visitors and the gorillas. Gorilla trekking in Congo is a once-in-a-lifetime experience, and with the right preparation, you can make the most of this extraordinary adventure. 



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